A total reduction in carbohydrates for patients with type 2 diabetes effectively reduces both fasting and postprandial glucose. Therefore, advice on a 20 % carbohydrate diet with some caloric restriction to obese patients with type 2 diabetes has lasting effect on bodyweight and glycemic control. Also, there has been no evidence of a negative cardiovascular` effect.
When it comes to trying to lose weight, the most scientific knowledge known by many people today is the no carbohydrate diet. Much of this has been attributed to the consistent reports of success experienced by people who had lost considerable amounts of weight as a result of following these diet plans, the most popular ones being the Atkins Diet and the South Beach Diet.
Scientifically, there are two kinds of carbohydrates, simple and complex. Some refer to them as bad and good carbohydrate, fast and slow digestion carbohydrate. Many people simply tag them the bad carbohydrate and the good carbohydrate or even the fast carbohydrate and the slow carbohydrate. Whatever you call them the facts remain that:
Complex carbohydrate is found in foods that are high in fibre. These high fibre foods take a much longer time for your body to digest. Slow digestion is considered to be much healthier for you than the obvious alternative. Foods that contain complex carbohydrate are among the healthiest you can choose. They include veggies, fruits, and the like and usually have a low glycemic index which is a pretty big deal when it comes to a low carbohydrate diet.
Simple carbohydrate is found in foods that have a tendency to run right through the digestive system without offering your body very much nutrition at all. They will raise your blood sugar to its limits and then drop it immediately. Doctors recommend that this and the consumption of foods that cause it be strictly regulated. This can be a difficult task since these unhealthy foods are likely among your favourites.
The science of choosing your Carbohydrate
In choosing to cut carbohydrates, whether totally or partially to from your diet the obvious choice should be the infamous simple carbohydrate. It is not entirely necessary, however, to cut out the simple carbohydrates all together.
Essentially, a no carbohydrate diet is a diet program that excludes the consumption of any types of food that contain carbohydrates, which is considered to be the primary source of energy used by our bodies. In a regular balanced diet, the body utilizes the carbohydrates consumed in each meal, since it is the easiest to digest and convert into energy. In order to lose weight, the body has to utilize the stored fat in the body. Unfortunately, because the body has a constant and steady supply of carbohydrates, it does not find the need to do so.
Based on this principle, by eliminating carbohydrate-rich foods in your meal, the body then reverts to the stored fat deposits in the body as its primary source of energy. By doing so, the amount of fat deposits is slowly used up, causing a person to lose weight. Since it takes a while for the body to completely convert fat into energy, people using this diet experience lesser cravings, allowing them to stick with their diet without worrying about slipping.
Studies conducted on mice that have been introduced with prostate cancer cells show that the tumour growth observed in those mice that have been given a diet free from carbohydrates are much slower when compared to those that had carbohydrates in their diet plan. Other studies have shown that diets that do not contain any carbohydrates have helped lower cholesterol levels, and even reverse the symptoms brought about by diabetes.
The benefits of a low carbohydrate diet quickly became recognizable to more and more individuals as did the demand for various low carbohydrate meal plans and food products. This saw a major consumer and retail increase in all things low carbohydrate. The basic idea of a low carbohydrate diet was to avoid the over consumption of refined carbohydrate which leads to massive storage of body fat. This is caused by too much insulin being produced in the body. The fat was mostly being stored around the abdomen.
However, there is a need for more research on low-carbohydrate diets and its long term effects with a larger sample size and using healthy adults in order to be more representative of the general population.